Digital Solutions That Every Business Should Use

Digital solutions have made it possible for businesses to refine the way they can tackle problems in simple, efficient, innovative and scalable ways. These digital solutions and technologies can work together or apart, giving them the freedom to pick and mix the right solutions to suit their needs.

With the technology tools, customers can book appointments, make restaurant reservations, buy theatre tickets, track parcels, market products, check bank balance or insurance status, send or receive money from anywhere across the globe, at a click. A digital integration can be formulated and implemented through a variety of different approaches. The process starts with knowing what your vision, goals, opportunities and risks are. This in order to get the maximum benefits for your company.

The four solutions listed here were chosen based on the accuracy, affordability and features they provide. Some of them are free to start using them.

1. Flutterwave: It offers simple, affordable, transparent pricing and various payment methods for all businesses in different regions. A suitable solution for organisations that want to collect donations from anywhere in the world.

2. Clickbank: Whether you’re new to performance marketing or an established online business, ClickBank provides the ability to scale, grow sales, and make money online. 

3. Payoneer: A cross-border payments platform empowers businesses, online sellers and freelancers to pay and get paid globally as easily as they do locally.

4. GetAmbassador: Empower your customers, fans, and brand ambassadors to share your products and services with their networks, generating more of your best customers, faster. Drive brand awareness, leads, and revenue from subject matter experts, social-media influencers, and niche bloggers. 

I always share solutions like these that are available on the internet as the new era of digital transactions continues to evolve. To get more of this and get every update on doing business, Explore our business corner
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Karame - Mwalimu LAKHPIN

Ndarize cyane na ko ndirimbye
Mpabutse cyane nanatonoye
Nayura cyane n’ubwo nariye
Mvuza iyi nduru yo y’uriboye
Rugari rwemye nge ndakubonye

Karame mwari nkomeza ineza
Dore ndashonga nshira agashimo
Maze ngashaka gushira ibyasha
Bimare inshinge z’ubushihurwe
Maze ga shenge iryo sharu ryawe..!!

Dore ejo bundi nahoze nabi
Ubwo nkurota nzikabya cyane
Nkakuririmbira izidahimbye
N’umunwa wange wabuze ituze
Dore ga maye uranabibonye!!

Karame ndaje kuko nkubonye
Zira kuryarya uteze nk’inyange
Imwe igeruye y’igihugere
No mu gasoko bagasakara
Ngo basagambire agasigati

Ndora ahangaha nkuvuga cyane
Kuko uriboye urugori rwiza
Isharu ryawe rirakuganje
Dore ga mama uranaberwa
Ingano yawe inyemeza cyane

Dore mirenge yamaze ibintu
We wabivanze agacamo abantu
Intuntu nyinshi akajya anazenga
Atuma nterera iyo mu ryinyo
Nk’agasorori kabuze inombe

Icyampa imana ukamenya none
Wabona nkwiye kwitwa uwawe
Wabona intego ari ukugutwara
Nanyurwa cyane untoye mu bandi
Nkurusha bose kubera ko unzonze

Dore ga ubanza ndimo kurota
Iyo ntarose ndakuvumera
No mu mashoka nkakuririmba
Nkarugukunda rumwe ruramba
Kuruta urwuri rw’urukokombe

Mu bihe byiswe iby’ubusuhuke
Mugasa ashaje asize amasonza
Amasaka ahunda ubusoge bwiza
Na ho ga simbi uranashyugumbwa
Ngo tuhasange tuhasemure

Tiro mutazwi umutoni nkunda
Mutima ukeye ntasiba ishaka
Ngutoye ijambo tumwa iri turo
Nzaserera ntabikubwiye
Ngo itama ryawe rirata inyonga

Ndanatonoye kuko nkubonye
Mbuze uko nkwita akazina kawe
Ariko se sake risatse isura,
Shara nge ndeba mu bushishozi
Wansuye nkakakubwira

Agaco keza ndanagashimwa
Kabaze rwema arabikubwira
Umenya ahari ntari busoze
Kuko nabonye igihe uku ureba
Nkagutaranga mu banyabwenge

Uhora wumva ndimo ndirimba
Ngira ngo ntuzi ibyo mba ndirimba
Uretse inganzo ko ingeze ahaga
Ndakuririmba nibese bose
Bimenye rwose ndaguhorera.

Nata umutwe nazubara
N’aho nzajya nzagushaka
Nutaza nzagushakisha
Sindorere kuza aho uri
Ngeze ubibonye umpaye wese

Utinya izi nteko ndabizi ziranza
Imyaka iyo twiga ikubereye impamvu
Gusa ngusenge iyi izabe gahunda
Ntuvuge ‘’genda ushake abandi’’
Uwo nzaba wese nshaka weho.

Uru rukundo rutumye ndemba
Rurakarindwa n’iyduhanze
Turusagambye ari urwacu
No mu bikari tukahajyana
Urwacu rukera tubana hafi.

Mbuze uko ngenda mwana nkunda
Maze kuzingira mu gahanga
Erega disi ibi wabyumva
Sindize cyane ndihopfoye
Wenda uzampoza umunsi waje!
                                                     By Lakhpin                 

           
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Inganzo y'Ububarankuru Nyandiko

Mu bwanditsi ubwo ari bwo bwose habamo ubuhanga n'umuyoboro ibintu byose bikurikira. Nubwo muri buri rurimi na buri muco habamo uburyo bwihariye bwo kubara inkuru, ariko hari ibyo inkuru baba babara ziba zihuriyeho ahantu hose ku isi. Hari ibintu byinshi byagiye byandikwa mu rwego rw'ubwanditsi nyirizina ndetse no ku by'ubushakashatsi mu by'ubwanditsi. Ariko akenshi dukunze kubyiga cyangwa kubisoma mu ndimi zindi zitari Ikinyarwanda ugasanga inshuro nyinshi abantu badahita banasobanukirwa inshoza y'ibyo bintu uko iri.

Muri iri somo nateguye, ntabwo ngamije kunenga abavuga ibi muri izi ndimi, ahubwo ndagira ngo hatazagira ubura inyito y'ibintu mu Kinyarwanda kandi ari rwo rurimi yumvaga yisanzuramo kandi yifuza gucengera. Ibyo ngaragaza bishingiye ku bushakshatsi nakoze mu bitabo nasomye, ubunararibonye bw'imyaka 5 mu kwigisha ubuhanzi, imenyerezamwuga nakoreye mu Nteko Nyarwanda y'Ururimi n'Umuco mu gihe cy'amezi atandatu, amasomo nize haba mu kiciro cya kabiri cy'amashuri yisumbuye mu ishami ry'indimi n'ubuvanganzo ndetse no mu mashuri makuru mu ishami ry'ubuvanganzo. Hari kandi aho nifashishije zimwe mu mbuga za murandasi z'ibigo by'uburezi bitandukanye; maze ngerageza kubihuriza hamwe mu Kinyarwanda.
 Aha ngaha ndibanda ku bwanditsi bw'inkuru, imivugo n'indirimbo gusa.


1. Inkuru
Inkuru ni  ihuûze ry’ibitekerezo mpimbano cyangwa byagiye bihererekanwa mu mibereho y’imiryango runaka; cyangwa se amakuru y’ibintu byabayeho/bizabaho umuntu/abantu abwira undi/abandi agamije kumu(ba)hindurira imyumvire cyangwa uko (b)abona ibintu, kumenyesha, ku(ba)murakaza, gusetsa, guhugura n’ibindi.
Iryo huze riba ririmo uruhererekane rw’ibikorwa n’ingingo bigenda bihana kandi abumva bakaba barikurikiranira ahantu runaka hatoranyijwe. Ahantu hashobora gutoranywa abantu babigambiriye cyangwa se bikabatungura bakahisanga. Gusa ikiza nuko mu ibarankuru ntawita ku ho yumviye iyo biryoshye!

1.1. Ububarankuru (Storytelling)
Ni uburyo bwo gutangaza/kuvuga no gusubiramo amakuru mu ngingo z’imibanire y’abantu n’umuco ubaranga, akenshi ugasanga higanjemo guhimba intekerezo, gukuririza no kogeza,…cyangwa ugasanga bakoresha udukino tw’ikinamico no kwigana ibintu runaka. Kubara inkuru ni kimwe mu bintu byoroha ndetse binakomeye byifashishwa mu bugeni bw’ikinamico (imbe) n’ibindi bisaba gukuza intekerezo.
Ubu ni uburyo bukoresha inshuro nyinshi amagambo, ijwi n’ibimenyesto by’umubiri kandi hakiganzamo n’inyumve z’abumva inkuru.
                    Urugero: Kera habayeho….. 
                                      Si ge wahera….

1.2. Kwandika inkuru (story writing)
Ni uburyo bwo gufata inkuru igashyirwa mu nyandiko maze abumvankuru bakaba abasomyi. Gusa ubu buryo butandukana cyane n’ububarankuru bundi kuko bwo bwibanda cyane ku kunoza ururimi rukoreshwa ndetse n’ubundi buhanga butuma uzasoma iyo nkuru yibona nk’uri aho ibintu byabereye, akagira amarangamutima akenewe ndetse n’igitekerezo kigatambuka uko bikwiye. Ni uburyo buvunanye kuko nyuma y’inkuru ubwayo hiyongeramo ubugeni budasanzwe bwo kuyitambutsa.
Ubu buryo bukoresha ibishushanyo, inyandiko, amashusho n’ibindi bitari ukwandika.

1.2.1. Ibice by’inkuru
      Ubusanzwe ibice by’ingenzi mu nkuru ni bitatu:
  •      Umwinjizo (introduction)
  •      Igihimba (body)
  •      Umusozo/Umwanzuro (conclusion)
1.2.2. Ibiranga inkuru nziza
  • Intego/insanganyamatsiko (Theme)
  • Urujyano (Plot)
  • Imyubakire y’inkuru (Story structure)
  • Abakinankuru (Characters)
  • Itûurê (Setting)
  • Injyana (Style and tone)
  • Umusozo (Resolution/denouement/ending)
1.2.2.1. Intego/Insanganyamatsiko
Intego mu nkuru ni ubutumwa cyangwa igitekerezo nyamukuru ibimbatiye. Ni ya matwara runaka cyangwa imyumvire umwanditsi cyangwa umubarankuru aba agambiriye kugeza ku bandi haba mu nkuru ndende, umuvugo, indirimbo cyangwa se ikinamico,…
Icyo kandi kiba ari igitekerezo rusange mu bantu wenda ugasanga abandi bo ntibagitaho umwanya ariko bagisoma cyangwa bacyumvise ugasanga kibarasheho neza neza cyangwa se kikaba ari n’ikintu gishya umuhanzi ashaka kurema muri sosiyeti. Akenshi usanga inkuru zanditse zishobora kugira intego/insanganyamatsiko irenze imwe.

1.2.2.2. Urujyano
Urujyano (plot) ni uburyo ibintu bigenda bihererekana mu nkuru, hagaragaramo impamvu ibintu bigenda biba. Urujyano ni rwo rutuma umusomyi yambara ikoti ry’umukinankuru maze akabasha gusobanukirwa n’ibikorwa umukinankuru ahitamo gukora mu iyo nkuru. Urujyano ni rwo rwerekana uburyo buri gikorwa kigenda gihereza ikindi kugeza inkuru irangiye.
1.2.2.3. Imyubakire
Imyubakire (structure) ni ibigize inkuru n’uburyo bwakoreshejwe mu kuyibara bibumbiye hamwe uburyo busobanutse ibikorwa by’umukinankuru byakurikiranye ku buryo budatera umusomyi urujijo no kudasobanukirwa inkuru cyangwa agata umurongo; hamwe n’ingingo y’uko bigaragazwa, aho bigaragara n’ingorane umukinankuru agenda hura na zo n’uburyo akiranuka na zo.
Abahanzi ntabwo bajya bapfa guhuza imyubakire y’inkuru nubwo hari uburyo rusange buzwi inkuru igomba kuba yubatsemo.
             Urugero: Adili na nduguze, Shaban Robert

1.2.2.4. Abakinankuru
Umukinankuru ni uvuga cyangwa ukora igikorwa mu nkuru nk’uko mu buzima busanzwe biba byifashe. Umukinankuru agenda ahura n’urusobe rw’ibimubaho uko inkuru igenda isatira irangira ryayo.
Ikitonderwa: Umukinankuru mu bwanditsi cyangwa mu ibarankuru atandukanye cyane n’Umukinankuru wo mu bugeni bw’inyarubuga (performing arts). 

1.2.2.4.1.  Ubwoko bw’abakinankuru
  • Mahamê (Antagonist): Ni umukinankuru ubangamira abandi bakinankuru, utababera mwiza na mba, cyanecyane umukinankuru mukuru.
  • Umwîirorê(Protagonist): Ni umukinankuru w’imico myiza, usanga ari we nzirakarengane, uharanira uburenganzira bwe,…Aba ari mico myiza mu nkuru.
  • Marorê (Stock character): Ni umukinankuru uba uzwi n’abasomyi bose akenshi kubera ibintu bimeze nk’ibitangaje bimugaragaho. 
  • Inaâmbe (Static character): Umukinankuru utigera ahinduka cyangwa ngo ahindure uruhande mu nkuru yose.
  • Umwuûmvu (Round character): Ni umukinankuru ukomeye ugaragarwaho n’ibintu bitandukanye rimwe na rimwe ugasanga yivuguruza. Agenda ahinduka bitewe n’ikibaye mu nkuru arimo.
  • Mabîriko (Foil character): Ni umukinankuru uba afite imyitwarire imwerekana ko ari mwiza (mico myiza) nubwo yaba atagaragara nk’uwaba mwiza cyangwa se akaba ari mubi kandi afite ibintu bimwerekana nk’aho ari mwiza.
  • Umumeezi (Flat character): Ni umukinankuru wiyerekana gusa mu isura imwe cyangwa ebyiri mu nkuru yose ubundi ntibihinduke.
  • Munyegê (Dynamic character): Ni umukinankuru uhinduka (uhindura imimerere) mu nkuru maze imihindukire ye ntiyongere guhanguka. Hari n’abamwita umukinankuru ukura.
Ikitonderwa: Abakinankuru baba ari benshi mu nkuru kandi bakoramo n’ibintu bitandukanye. Gusa si ko muri buri nkuru ubasangamo bose. Hari iyo usangamo bane cyangwa babiri, n'iyo usangamo umunani bose bitewe n'amahitamo y'umwanditsi cyangwa uwahimbye inkuru. 
1.2.2.5. Itûurê  (setting)
Iki ni igice k’ingenzi gituma inkuru igira ubuzima. Ni ahantu n’igihe ibintu byabereye; bigafasha n’umusomyi cyangwa umwumvankuru kwishyira muri uwo mwanya waho. Itûurê rishobora kubamo umuco, igihe cy’amateka kitazwi neza, umusozi cyangwa ubwatsi runaka ndetse n’isaha.
1.2.2.6. Injyana (style and tone)
Mu kwandika inkuru, injyana igaragazwa n’ikeshamvugo (igereranya, ihwanisha, iyitirira, ikabya, ininura,…)n’irindi nozarurimi umwanditsi yakoresheje. Aha ni ho yirinda gukoresha imvugo isesereza/ikomeretsa, akirinda gukoresha imvugo nyandagazi, no gushyiramo ibintu bidafite aho bihuriye n’inkuru ari kubara,…
Injyana kandi ikubiyemo n’uburyo umwanditsi akoresha kugira ngo yiyegereze/akurure umusomyi arusheho kuryoherwa n’inkuru akoresheje gukina n’amagambo n’imyubakire y’interuro ze. Buri mwanditsi agira injyana ye yihariye nubwo hari abagira izenda gusa.
1.2.2.7. Umusozo
Iki ni ikiciro kigaragara mu irangira ry’inkuru aho umwanditsi agaragaza niba ikibazo cyavuzwe cyaraje gukemuka cyangwa hari icyagikozweho. Akerekana niba umukinankuru mukuru yaraje guhinduka cyangwa byarananiranye hagafatwa undi murongo, akerekana ibintu bihagaze kuri ubu.
Aha inkuru zose ntabwo zigira umusozo uteye kimwe.

1.2.2.7. 1.  Ubwoko bw’imisozo

Umwanditsi bitewe n'inkuru yanditse aba afite uko irangira cyangwa uko yifuza ko irangira. Imisozo y'inkuru rero iri ukwinshi nk'uko twabonye ko n'abakinankuru batandukana bitewe n'umwanditsi cyangwa umuhumbyi w'inkuru:
  • Umusozo ufunze (Explicit ending)– Uyu ni umusozo wanzura ku bintu byose ndetse ugasubiza n’ibibazo byose by’ingenzi byagaragaye mu nkuru. Muri uyu musozo hashobora kugaragramo ibintu biba kuri buri mukinankuru w’ibanze kandi ahanini uba utanga amakuru ahagije ku buryo umusomyi nta yandi agirira inyota. Ukunda gukoreshwa mu nkuru ndende. Mu kuwukoresha rro umwanditsi agomba kwita ku bibazo yagiye arereka mu kubaka inkuru ye.
  • Umusozo w’amiyumve (Implicit ending) – Uyu ni umusozo ushingiye ku mbonê n’amiyumvo by’umwanditsi cyangwa umubarankuru. Ibi bikunda kuboneka mu nkuru ngufi cyane.
  • Umusozo mbusane (Twist ending) – Ni umusozo uza mu buryo butandukanye n’ubwo umusomyi yari yiteze. Akenshi utakurikiye neza ashobora kwibwira ko umwanditsi yamuyobeje maze akazana andi makuru yari ahishe ku buryo byabyara impaka cyangwa bigature muri koma abakinankuru bari bakurikiye umukinankuru w’ibanze.
  • Umusozo mpiîngaane (Tie-back ending) – NI umusozo uza wibanda ku kibazo cyangwa impungenge umukinankuru yagize mu mizo ya mbere mu mwinjizo. Ni ahantu usanga inkuru itangira yerekana ikibazo cy’umukinankuru igasoza yerekana impamvu icyo kibazo cyabayeho.
  • Umusozo mbaza (Unresolved ending) – Ni umusozo udatanga umwanzuro ahubwo umwanditsi agasigira umusozmyi umukoro wo kwibaza icyagakurikiyeho. Ni uburyo bwo guha umusomyi gutekereza ibisubizo bitandukanye byatangwa ku kibazo cyagaragaye mu nkuru yose.
  • Umusozo w’indorê ya kure (Long view ending)  – Uyu ni umusozo uvuga uko mu gihe cyakurikiyeho/kizaza byaje kugendekera umukinankuru mukuru.
 Ikitonderwa: Umwanditsi ni we uhitamo umusozo akoresha bitewe n’inganzo ye ariko ukaba ufite n’icyo usobanuye ku nkuru ye.


2. Imivugo

Inganzo y'imivugo ifite ubuhanga bwihariye cyane buyitandukanya n'ubwanditsi bw'inkuru zisanzwe ari icyo bihuriraho byose ni uko biba bishingiye ku ruhererekane rw'imbe cyangwa ibintu byabaye. Gusa mu muvugo iyo ucukumbuye neza ushobora gusangamo ibitekerezo byinshi bitandukanye ariko umuhanzi yakusanyije bigaherekeranya maze bigaha ingufu ya ngingo nyamukuru yashatse kuvugaho. Dore bimwe by'ingenzi mu bitandukanya imivugo n'inkuru:
  • Interuro (umwinjizo cyangwa intangiriro mu nkuru).usibye inyito zihinduka kandi usanga uburyo abahanzi baterura imivugo atari kimwe no mu nkuru. Mu mivugo umuhanzi ashobora gutangirana ikivugo, gutaka inganzo ye, gutaka umunsi, ....bitewe nuko yabiteguye.
  • Abakinankuru badahita bigaragaza nk'uko mu nkuru umusomyi wese ahita abasha no kubona amasano yabo ndetse akenshi n'amazina.
  • Interuro ngufi kandi zirashe: Interuro zo mu mivugo ziba zirasa ku ntego kandi zigakunda kugaragaramo inshinga z'ibikorwa cyane.
  • Ikeshamvugo ryiganje: Mu ikeshamvugo aha bishatse kuvuga ko abasizi cyangwa abahimbyi b'imivugo bakunze gukoresha imvugo ihanitse, ari na ho bakoresha isubirajwi, imibangikanyo n'isubirajambo ndetse n'imizimizo itandukanye (iyitirira, ihwanisha, ikabya, ininura, imibangikanyo, isangizamusozo, iyunguruza, igaruracyungo,....)
  • Itondeke ripimye. Gusa ibi ntabwo bigikunze kwitabwaho mu mivugo y'iki gihe ku buryo buhita bwumvikana. Ariko ni ubuhanga butandukanya imivugo n'izindi nkuru zisanzwe. Ubu buhanga bugaragara cyane nko mu mazina y'inka, ibihozo n'ibisingizo.
  • Injyana y'ibitekerezo: Mu mivugo ntabwo ibitekerezo cyangwa ibikorwa bigenda bihana nk'uko mu nkuru zindi bigenda ahubwo umusizi yita ku buryo ari bubikurikiranye mu buryo buryoheye ugutwi kandi abantu bakaba babizirikana mu buryo buboroheye. Hari n'aho usanga anyuzamo akavuga imbamutima ze bwite ku gitekerezo runaka amaze kurasaho, ugasanga ntaho bihuriye ariko nyamara ubisoma we cyangwa ubyumva akarushaho kwizihirw n'icyo gihangano. Ikindi nuko umusizi ashobora gushyiramo ibitekerezo bidafite indi ntego usibye kuryoshya igihangano gusa.
  • Umusayuko (umusozo mu nkuru): Mu busizi ntabwo umusozo uba wubatse nk'uwo mu nkuru zindi. Mu busizi nyarwanda akenshi ukunda gusanga imivugo cyangwa ibisigo bisozwa n'ikidogo cy'umusizi cyangwa akaba avuga amagambo asa n'avunyisha ku yindi sango. Mbese mu yandi magambo ugasanga umusizi hari ikintu runaka ari gusaba abo yabwiraga nubwo hari n'ahandi usanga asoza agaragaza uko we abona ibintu cyangwa uko byaje kurangira muri make. 
  • Imikoreshereze y'ururimi: Mu mivugo usanga akenshi ikibonezamvugo kidahabwa umwanya usumbye uwo gutambutsa igitekerezo nyamukuru. Uburyo amagambo aba atondetse ntabwo iteka buba bwubahiriza amategeko y'ikibonezamvugo nk'uko mu nkuru biba ari itegeko. Ikindi kandi mu mivugo habaho gutoranya amagambo agiye yihariye kandi afite ibisobanuro binini kurusha uburyo amagambo atoranywa mu nkuru. 
3. Indirimbo

Kuva kera na kare mu mibereho y'Abanyarwanda bahoze baririmba kandi ari abahanga cyane. Hari insanganyamatsiko zitandukanye zabonekaga mu ndirimbo nk'izisingiza abantu, inyamaswa, amatungo, ibikoresho runaka, umurimo, urukundo, ubukwe, iyobokamana, imandwa ndetse hakaba n'izivuga ku bindi bibazo biboneka mu mibereho ari byo ubukene, ibyorezo, ishavu, agahinda, urupfu, ibyishimo, umunezero n'ibindi. 

Indirimbo rero kimwe n'ubundi buhanzi twavuze haruguru, byose bihuriye ku kubara inkuru kandi ugasanga na ho hazamo ugutaranya amagambo yabugenewe y'ururimi kandi na yo arashe. Gusa indirimbo na zo zifitemo umwihariko ko zidakunze gukoresha ikeshamvugo ruhanitse nk'iryo mu mivugo ariko nanone zigakoresha injyana ipimye cyangwa se icyo nakwita umudiho. 

Mu kwiga indirimbo n’ubuhimbyi bwazo, hari ibintu by’ibanze bikunze kugaruka biranga indirimbo nziza ndetse urebye binakurikizwa ahantu hose ku isi. Nk’uko n’abandi benshi babigenza, mbona ko indirimbo yabaye nziza ngendeye ku kuntu ikunzwe na benshi kurenza ibindi nubwo atari cyo kintu wagenderaho gusa. Ibi tubaye nk’ababyirengagiza, reka turebere hamwe ibiraga indirimbo mu iki gihe cy’umuziki ugezweho. Gusa ingingo ndagaragaza ntabwo zitondetse mu rukurikirane ntubyibeshyeho. Ikindi nuko hari nubwo indirimbo yose itaba ifite ibi bitewe n’injyana ikozemo, ubushake bw’umuhimbyi cyangwa se indi mpamvu.

1. Ijwi – Ni urusaku rutunganye kandi runogeye ugutwi uririmba cyangwa ugacuranga. Amajwi meza agomba kuba ari asigara mu mutwe w’uyumva ndetse akaba anyororotse ari na cyo ahanini usanga uwakunze indirimbo asigarana.

2. Urujyano rw’amajwi cyangwa incurango- Ibi ni ibirungo biherekeza ijwi mu ndirimbo, ugasanga ari kimwe mu bigize injyana bikaba ari uburyo amanita agiye akurikiranyemo haba mu ncurango cyangwa imiririmbire y’umuhimbyi.

3. Ingoma/umudiho – Umudiho w’indirimbo ni wo ufasha umwumvyi kuryoherwa n’indirimbo akaba yanabyina waba witonze cyangwa wihuta. Rimwe na rimwe hari ubwo bamwe babifata nk’umuvuduko w’indirimbo; akenshi kuko burya umuziki ugenga amiyumvo ya muntu ugasanga akenshi umudiho w’indirimbo ari wo ukurura umuntu bwa mbere. Umudiho kandi cyangwa ingoma ni ka kanyuzo gatangwa n’ibcurangisho binyuranye birimo ingoma, gitari y’ijwi ryo hasi, gitari y’amajwi ageze ndetse n’inanga.

4. Injyana – ni akandi kanyuzo gatangwa n’ingoma n’umudiho cyangwa urujyano rwabyo byose biherekejwe n’amajwi. Injyana ishobora guhinduka iyo hinjijwemo amagambo cyangwa hongewemo ikindi gicurangisho bigahita biba indi njyana. Hariho amoko atandukanye y’injyana z’indirimbo nubwo atari cyo nibanzeho muri iyi nyandiko: Rock, Ikibaanda, Hip Hop, R&B, Ikinimba, Igishakamba, Rumba, Reggae, Soul, Jazz, n’izindi.

5. Inkuru cyangwa intêgo – Indirimbo zose zigira inkuru cyangwa insanganyamatsiko. Cyanecyane izina ry’indirimbo rihita rigaragaza mu buryo buziguye icyo indirimbo igiye kwibandaho ndetse n’igitekerezo yubakiyeho kikagenda gisobanuka ugendeye ku izina yahawe. Ibi ni ibintu by’ingirakamaro cyane kuko abahimbyi benshi badakunze koroherwa no gukora amazina meza y’indirimbo cyangwa se n’inkuru zizirimo ugasanga si inkuru ifite itangiriro n’iherezo bigatuma uwumva indirimbo atayitaho. Nubwo hari abantu benshi bakunda ibindi bice mu ndirimbo ugasanga inkuru ntacyo zibabwiye, umuhimbyi we ntagomba kugendera muri uwo mwijima kuko hari abandi bakurikirana cyane inkuru kurusha ibindi birungo yashyiramo kandi ugasanga akenshi ari ba bandi b’abahanga muri muzika.

6. Akiîmbo- Ni ka kantu kaba mu ndirimbo kagutwara umutima ukumva wagakunze n’iyo indirimbo waba uyanga urunuka akenshi ukajya wisanga niba uri nko mu nzira urakaririmbye bucece mu mutima. Aka kimbo gashobora kuba ijambo rimwe, interuro cyangwa se ukanasanga ari nk’incurango yateretswe ahantu runaka hagati mu ndirimbo.

7. Amagambo – Ya nkuru twavuze haruguru iboneka bitewe n’uburyo umuhimbyi yagiye atondekanya amagambo cyangwa se akanakina na yo. Amagambo ni yo arasa ku ntego cyangwa insanganyamatsiko y’indirimbo. Akenshi uzasanga amagambo aba afite ukuntu atondetse mu buryo nab wo bunogeye ijisho cyangwa se no kuyasoma ubwayo bikagira injyana n’iyo waba utaririmba. Iki ni igice cyo kwitondera cyane kuko amagambo ntagoma guhushanya n’injyana ndetse n’umudiho. Gusa hari n’indirimbo zitagira amagambo ugasanga zigizwe n’incurango nsa.

8. Ibitero by’indirimbo – Indirimbo ziba zigabanyijemo ibice kandi bikagira uko byitwa. Hari umwinjizo, igitero, inyikirizo/impakanizi, umwiitso n’incuriko. Ubundi igitero ni cyo gisobanura ingingo zigize ya ntego cyangwa akimbo gakunze kuba kari mu mpakanizi/inyikirizo y’indirimbo. Ibindi bice nk’umwinjizo, umwitso, gucurika n’ibindi biza byunganira ibi bindi mu ndirimbo.

9. Inyubako – Ni ishusho y’ibintu bibiri. Icya mbere ni itonde bya bice by’indirimbo bikurikiza nk’uko bikunze kugaragara mu ndirimbo (Umwinjizo-igitero-inyikirizo-ugakomeza) nubwo nta tegeko ryihariye ryo kubishoreranya ariko umuhimbyi agomba kuba afite uburyo byose yabiherekeranyije mu ndirimbo. Icya kabiri, ni ihererekane ry’ibicurangisho, amajwi cyangwa se n’ibindi bintu bigize indirimbo.

10. Indeshyo – Indeshyo y’indirimbo ni igihe imara ivuga bitewe n’aho yagenewe gucurangirwa. Niba ari kuri radiyo, mu iki gihe indirimbo nyinshi zikunze kuba zifite iminota hagati y’itatu n’ine. Gusa hari izishobora kujya munsi cyangwa hejuru ariko uku ni ko mu iki gihe zikunze kuba zingana. Rero ushobora kuzasanga indirimbo zubatse izina zifite bike muri ibi birango cyangwa zibifite byose. Ntibizagutere kwibaza byinshi ahubwo uge uhita ku kwita ku iryo tandukaniro ritanga ibyiza buri gihe. Indirimbo itabyujuje si uko iba ari mbi ahubwo umuhimbyi wayo ni we uba afite impamvu yakoresheje iyi ngingo ntakoreshe iriya.

11. Imbe- Ni bwa buhanga indirimbo yigiramo bwo gukurura uyumva bakomatana. Niba ari indirimbo ivuga ku gahinda koko ugasanga uyumva yaguye mu gahinda atabizi cyangwa yaba ari iy’umunezero umuntu na we akumva aranezerewe nta mpamvu anezerewe. Ibi akenshi n’umuhimbyi ntabwo abigiramo uruhare runini keretse akenshi iyo ari indirimbo ishingiye ku nkuru mpamo kandi bikaba ari ibintu bisobanukira cyane abumva iyo ndirimbo. Urugero : indirimbo ivuga ubusharire bwa Jenoside yakorewe abatutsi mu Rwanda, Umunyarwanda cyanecyane uwabonye Jenoside iyo ndirimbo ishobora kumusubiza mu ibyo bihe kandi nta ngufu abishyizemo habe na mba.

12. Inyota : Ni ubushake indirimbo itera umuntu uyumva ahanini bitewe n’ubusosere bw’incurango ariko ahanini ari ukubera amagambo yakoreshejwe. Urugero : Hari indirimbo iba ivuga ku bukwe ugasanga uyumvise wese ahise yifuza gukora ubukwe cyangwa yaba ari iy’urukundo ugasanga buri wese uyumvise yifuje gukundana ndetse akenshi akanabikora. Si rimwe si kabiri twumvise cyangwa tubonye abantu bakundanye kubera indirimbo bumvanye.

Niba uri umwanditsi w’indirimbo ushaka kwandika ukurikije umurongo nyawo, inama nakugira ni iyo gushakisha indirimbo z’injyana ukunda kurusha izindi maze ukazijora ureba uburyo zubatse maze ugatangira kujya uzigenderaho mu kubaka ibyawe. Ibi ntaho bihuriye no gukopera ngo ushishure izo ndirimbo nge ndavuga kureba ishusho gusa. Ikindi nubyitaho uzasanga indirimbo hafi ya zose zikomeye kandi zakunzwe ziba ari izujuje ibi bintu twavuze haruguru. Ibi ndizera ko bizagufasha gukomeza ubushakashatsi bwawe mu rugendo rw’ubwanditsi bw’indirimbo.

Ikitonderwa: Ibi navuze haruguru ntabwo ari byo kampara kuko nk’uko n’imico itandukana, ubwanditsi nab wo buratandukana ugasanga hari indirimbo zitajya zibyuzuza cyangwa ugasanga hari izibyuzuza buri gihe ndetse hakaba n’izindi zigira n’ibyo ntagaragaje hano. Ibi ni ibizwi ku rwego mpuzamahanga ubasha kubona mu ndirimbo z’injyana zose aho ziva zikagera. 
4. UMWANZURO
Ubwanditsi bwose bufite ibyo buhuriraho byaba ari inkuru ngufi, inkuru ndende, imivugo, indirimbo n'ibindi. Icyo kintu rusange bihuriraho ni ikitwa "Inkuru". Ni yo mpamvu umwanditsi wese agomba kwibanda cyane ku nkuru ategurira abasomyi cyangwa se abumvyi inkuru ye izageraho. Bityo uko yifuza ko izakirwa ni na ko azayitunganya mu buryo izuzuza ibisabwa byose kugira ngo hatagira uwo icika kandi byari ngombwa ko imugeraho. Buri wese ashobora kubara inkuru ariko si buri wese ushobora kwandika inkuru.


Umugereka
Nagerageje gukora urutonde rw’injyana za muzika. Gusa nta bwo izi njyana ari zo zibaho zonyine nawe ushobora kubona n’izindi ntashyizemo. Ikindi nuko nta tondeke ryihariye nakurikije cyangwa se ikindi kintu cya gihanga mu kuvuga amazina y’izi njyana usibye ubushakashatsi nakoze gusa nkazikusanya.


1. Ragga cyangwa Raggamuffin/ Dancehall
2. Reggae
3. R&B
4. Blues
5. Soul
6. Rap
7. Salsa
8. Jazz
9. Jazz Funk
10. Jazz Fusion
11. Rock
12. Rock and Roll
13. Hip Hop
14. Ikibanda (country)
15. Kwela
16. Funk
17. Serenade
18. Ska
19. Techno
20. Dance
21. Skiffle
22. UK Garage
23. Tone poem
24. Ikinimba
25. Taarabu
26. Rumba
27. Igishakamba
28. Ikinyemera
29. Zouk
30. Soukous 



5. IBITABO BYIFASHISHIJWE 

1. Ref: Berry C (1973) Voice and the Actor London: Harrap
2. Biko, Steve. I write what I like. London, Heinermann: 1987
3. Oral and writing skills, Ayieta, Emily Ondondo
4. Music in Theory and practice, Bruce Benward
5. Understanding music, Jeremy Yudkin
6. Inganzo y’Ubwanditsi, Module, GASIMBA F.X
7. Inkoranyamagambo y’Ikinyarwanda mu Kinyarwanda, 2004



Imbuga za murandasi

1. http://www.songwriting.net
2. https://dramaresource.com/storytelling/
3. http://www.writersdigest.com

4. http://edynamiclearning.com/courses/high-school-creative-writing/ 

                                                                        ©Lakhpin
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Giveaways - Free Hints To Make Money Online



Whether you are a busy mother, a stay at home father, a college student, unemployed or just want to earn some extra money; doing some extra work can help you make money from home without investing a penny. There are tons of many work from home scams which charge you upfront fees and lure you to work with them but in reality, they’re cheating you out of your hard-earned money. I know you want to find some legit jobs that are not tip-offs. 

So, I have scoured through hundreds of ways to work at home and came up with 10 opportunities. Some will make you just a few dollars a month, but others can become a powerful source of income depending on your invested time in them. These programs don’t require you such deep experience or a strong resume. You just need internet, time, a computer, tablet or smartphone.
This page is also featuring some products you checkout and help you through. 

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Promote Your Art At 1,500 RWF Per Month - GoPub

GoPub" is a new program that seeks to elevate and recognise the value of the arts and makers, exploring and boosting the realm of their creative endeavours. It has been initiated and elaborated through Lakhtrem in partnership with Mix Plc, Safeco and Soft Palz...

GoPub envisages to showcasing and promoting experimental and progressive creative art, which reflects pre-modern or modern society, provokes conversation; fosters innovation and diversity of mediums which make today’s art scene versatile.

ELIGIBILITY: Artists are welcome to submit works in 5 mediums: Poetry, Music, Handcraft, Innovation and Visual Art.

Artists or any art organizations on behalf of artists from all countries are welcome to submit their works for consideration.

COST: 500 RWF non-refundable submission fee and 18,000 RWF per year for a shortlisted submission. 

                            SELECTION OF WORKS
For every enrolment, 10 artists will be selected to be published via Lakhtrem website, social handles, newsletter, partners publications and mentions.

                      NOTIFICATION OF RESULTS:
Results will be posted via social media (Instagram and Facebook: @lakhtrem). All artists who provide a working email address will be notified via email.

We cannot provide all submitted artists with constructive critique on why their work wasn’t selected as this is something that is beyond our physical working capacity and is a complex process in itself which requires very careful attention and time spent on constructing a specialised opinion.

For more submission details, visit Lakhtrem official website.




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